Naval Action in the Indian Ocean : TBM Avengers from the escort aircraft carrier HMS Emperor sighted and attacked the heavy cruiser IJN Haguro heading into Malacca Strait. Japanese spies, which included a British intelligence officer, Captain Patrick Stanley Vaughan Heenan and Lord Sempill also provided intelligence and assistance. On 7 January 1942, two brigades of the 11th Indian Infantry Division were defeated in the Battle of Slim River, giving the Japanese army easy passage to Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaya. Glugur/Gloegoer Camp On 30 August 1945 a flight of 9 RAAF Catalinas landed in Singapore bearing medical supplies and personnel documents in preparation for the Japanese surrender and the liberation of the thousands of PoWs on the island. Two days after the Japanese capitulation the nationalists, led by Sukarno, proclaimed the Republic of Indonesia. The first landings were to be at Port Swettenham or Port Dickson. When the organisation only raised $28 million, the organisation was required to take out a loan for the balance.. When the Japanese captured Singapore the arrested members released by the Japanese.  An explanation given in a proclamation by Yamashita on 23 February 1942 was that they were dealing with rebellious Chinese. At the third Washington Conference in May 1943 alleviating pressure on China was discussed, in particular through the Burma Campaign.  The heavy cruiser HMS Sussex served as the flagship. Others executed were Colonel Watanabe Tsunahiko, commander of the 11th Regiment by firing squad for his part in the Kuala Pilah massacre; and Captain Iwata Mitsugi, Second Lieutenant Goba Itsuto, and Second Lieutenant Hashimoto Tadashi by hanging at Pudu Jail on 3 January 1948. Heenan's intelligence enabled the Japanese to destroy much of the Allied air forces on the ground. Liberation and Repatriation August - September 1945: The Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten inspects the naval guard of honour outside the Municipal Building, Singapore, prior to the surrender ceremony held there. The first strategic bombing raid was carried out by American Flying Fortresses on 2 February 1942 against Kuantan and Kuala Lumpur's airfields. Children of Singapore cheer the arrival of the 5th Indian Division, 5 September 1945. The concept of a unified East Asia took form based on an Imperial Japanese Army concept that originated with General Hachirō Arita, an army ideologist who served as Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1936 to 1940. Itagaki had initially balked at the order to surrender and instead ordered the 25th Army (the component of the 7th Area Army defending Singapore) to resist when the Allies arrived.  All news publications in this region fell under its control. As the war progressed all three ethnic communities began to suffer deprivations from increasingly severe rationing, hyper-inflation, and a lack of resources. The capture of Singapore would provide Japan with a highly valuable military base in the region and it would also greatly undermine British authority in the region. Saved by K. C. Poon Singapore & Malaya Occupied for the Remainder of WW II The fleet was not armed with offensive weapons as Mountbatten had good reason to believe that the Japanese in Malaya and Singapore would surrender without a fight: on 20 August General Itagaki Seishiro, the commander in Singapore, had signalled Mountbatten that he would abide by his emperor's decision and was ready to receive instructions for the Japanese surrender of Singapore. When Malaya was liberated there was $500 million of uncirculated currency held by the Japanese in Kuala Lumpur. 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